We use language to exchange messages with others. Every language provides the usage of a collection of words to communicate. Such collection of words that communicate a complete message is known as a sentences.

  • It is easy to speak English.
  • The sky is blue.
  • Today is Monday.

A group of words like this(above example), which makes complete sense, is called a Sentence.


A sentence is a group of words that are put together to mean something. A sentence is the basic unit of language which expresses a complete thought. It does this by following the grammatical rules of syntax.

A complete sentence has at least a subject and a main verb to state a complete thought.

Kinds of Sentences - वाक्यों के प्रकार
Sentences are of four kinds :-
वाक्य चार प्रकार के होते है :-
  1. Sentences that are used to describe something or express acceptance are known as declarative or assertive sentences.
    I go to an English class every day.
  2. Sentences that enquire about some or ask a question are known as interrogative sentences.
    An interrogative sentence are also called a question. This type of sentences make an enquiry.
    Who took my English book?
  3. Sentences used to command or request to do something imperative sentences.
    This type of sentence is used to tell some one to do something - it could be either a request or a command. Like...
    Have mercy upon us.
  4. Sentences that are spontaneous expressions of suddenly experienced emotions of happiness, sorrow etc. are known as exclamatory sentences.
    What a shame !

A sentence that makes a statement or assertion is called a Declarative or Assertive sentence.

वाक्य जो कथन बनाता है उसे कथनवाचक वाक्य कहते है.

A sentence that asks a question is called an Interrogative sentence.

वाक्य जो प्रश्न बनता हो उसे प्रश्नवाचक वाक्य कहते है.

A sentence that expresses a command or an entraty is called an Imperative sentence.

वाक्य जो विनम्र, निवेदन और विनय का भाव प्रगट करे उसे आज्ञावाचक वाक्य कहते है.

A sentence that expresses strong feeling is called an Exclamatory sentence.

वाक्य जो कठोरता का भाव प्रगट करे उसे विस्मयादिबोधक वाक्य कहते है.